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Kawasaki KI 61 (TONY)


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sendo5 #1 Posted 05 September 2012 - 03:30 PM

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Produced by Kawasaki Kókúki Kógjókabushiky Kaisha (Kawasaki Aircraft engieering LTD.)

Type: Single Engine, one Man, Fighter and Fighter/Bomber Aircraft.

Engine Unit: Inline, 12Piston, Invert, Watercooled, Kawasaki Ha 40, Take off Power ... (876 kw) 1191 HP.

Aircraft dimensions: Wing span  12m , Fuselage span 8,94m, High 3,70m, Bearing surface 20m2.
Weigth: Empty 2210 kg,take-off weigth  3470 kg, Max. take-off weigth  3616 kg.
Maximum Speed:  Altitude 4860m, 592 km/h.
Travel Speed: Altitude 4000m, 400 km/h
Climb speed: 5000m in 5 min 31 s.
Max. Atitude: 11000m.
Flying range: 1100km.
Armament: 2x Machineguns Ho – 103 cal. 12,7mm, build in Fuselage, 2x Machineguns Ho – 103 cal. 12,7mm, build in wings.

Sometimes described as a cross between a Messerschmitt Bf 109 and a North American P-51 Mustang, the Kawasaki Ki-61 certainly had the distinctive nose shape associated with an inverted V-12 inline engine, the Kawasaki Ha-40 being in effect a Daimler- Benz DB 601A built under licence. The Ki-61's designers, Takeo Doi and Shin Owada, had moreover worked under the German Richard Vogt, In December 1940 they were instructed to go ahead with the Ki-61, and one year later the prototype was flown. The first production Ki-61-I fighters were deployed operationally in April 1943 when the 68th and 78th Sentais arrived in New Guinea. Named Hien (swallow) in service (and codenamed 'Tony' by the Allies), the new aircraft proved popular with its pilots, being unusually well-armed and armoured, and the type was at least a match for opposing American fighters. Its armament (of four 12.7-mm machine-guns) proved inadequate to knock down enemy bombers, however, and the Ki- 61-I KAIc was introduced with a pair of 20-mm cannon in the nose, these being replaced in a small number of Ki-61- I KAId fighters by two 30-mm cannon. The Ki-61- I and Ki-61-I KAI remained in production until 1945, but in 1944 they were joined in service by the Ki- 61-II with more powerful Kawasaki Ha- 140 engine (producing 1119-kW); with a top speed of 610km/h this would have been an excellent fighter but for constant engine problems; yet when fully serviceable the Ki-61-II was one of the few Japanese fighters fully able to combat the Boeing B-29 at its normal operating altitude, particularly when armed with four 20-mm cannon. Excluding prototypes and development aircraft, production totalled 1,380 Ki-61-Is, 1,274 Ki- 61-I KAIs and 374 Ki-61-Ils.         Gloster_Gladiator.jpg

Attached Files

  • Attached File   kawasaki_ki-61.gif   62.7K
  • Attached File   hien1.jpg   50.58K
  • Attached File   1-Kawasaki-Ki-61-Hien-1-Kawasaki-Ki-61-Hien-244-Sentai-allied-code-name-Tony-01.jpg   76.09K
  • Attached File   440hien.JPG   76.29K
  • Attached File   4855811069_2830b49ebb.jpg   104.6K
  • Attached File   TONY-1.jpg   27.42K
  • Attached File   TONY-2.jpg   33.5K
  • Attached File   ki61.gif   52.19K

Edited by sendo5, 06 September 2012 - 04:09 PM.


Nikita_Krushchev #2 Posted 28 September 2012 - 05:38 PM

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